Head of Steam

The Stockton and Darlington Railway was opened on September 27th 1825 with the prime purpose of transporting coal from the South West Durham collieries around Shildon, West Auckland and Witton Park, to the River Tees at Stockton, for shipment to the south of England.

The Stockton & Darlington was by no means the first railway, but its opening in 1825 marked a very significant step in the development of railways by bringing together two features for the first time:

the concept of a public railway, available to all, for transport of passengers and goods
the use of steam locomotives. The ceremonial opening on 27 September 1825 was the first occasion on which a steam locomotive was used to haul passengers on a public railway. The locomotive concerned, Stephenson's 'Locomotion' still exists and is displayed at Head of Steam, which is situated on the original 1825 S & DR route.

The new railway soon proved to be a great success and substantially reduced the price of coal. From the early years of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, private contractors using horse-drawn coaches on S & D R lines provided passenger services. After several years the economic potential for carrying passengers was evident and the Company introduced its own steam hauled passenger services in 1833.

Although the S & DR made use of steam locomotives from its opening day, it can also be seen to represent a transitional stage of railway development in which stationary engines and horse-drawn vehicles were also utilised. Although 'Locomotion' represents a notable development of the earlier pioneering work of George Stephenson and others, it is fair to say that the subsequent work of Timothy Hackworth, the first Superintendent Engineer of the S & DR, proved the supremacy of the steam locomotive over other forms of motive power.

Head of Steam Museum Twitter Logo
@HeadofSteamMus
Head of Steam Museum
RT @CTK_thornaby: Year 2 are having a virtual Q&A about railway travel during the Victorian era. @HeadofSteamMus https://t.co/3b5ZVodW7t
Go to tweet
06 May 2021 @11:13
RT @LonelyTower: So why is the Stockton & Darlington Railway so special? Caroline Hardie from @fsdr1825 has the answer... it's the railway…
Go to tweet
06 May 2021 @11:11
RT @Raring2goNewcas: #Competition time! WIN an annual family pass to the @HeadofSteamMus Darlington Railway Museum. Enter now here: https:/…
Go to tweet
04 May 2021 @10:31
When we reopen you will be able access the museum field to take part in our willow sculpture trail (incl. in admission/annual pass). Sculptures were created by @thewillowbarn NB: slots for your museum visit will be available to book from 14 May. #Darlington #museums #familyfun https://t.co/WrZwBQqvO5
Go to tweet
30 April 2021 @12:20
💬 "HELLO. Makes you notice, doesn’t it? A little bit of darkness; refines the senses, focuses the mind..." 🎟 VUE Cinema Darlington is opening on Monday 17th May, with listings available on their website via the link below Listings ➡️ https://t.co/MchhNzt5T2 | #LoveDarlo https://t.co/e0fADRE5LE
06 May 2021 @12:47
📆 Bombay Gate on Skinnergate is offering 20% off your food bill for tables booked during their first week of reopening (17th - 23rd May) 📞 To place a booking, get in touch with them on 01325 468709, or visit their Facebook page Details ➡️ https://t.co/YFxz40d5hC | #LoveDarlo https://t.co/VfPmHF3Bmu
06 May 2021 @10:02
The legendary Three Squares Cafe on Skinnergate opens on Friday 14th May & Saturday 15th May for takeaway and pavement cafe, with outside eating from 10am! It will then open on Monday 17th at 8am for takeaway, inside eating and pavement cafe 👏🏻 #LoveDarlo https://t.co/w0i0Ik5Fo3 }
05 May 2021 @19:32
🤭 Update your lingerie collection with fine lace, Italian tulle and satin bras, underwear and more with big brand names at House of Fraser 💵 They currently have a range of lingerie on sale, so make sure you pay them a visit Lingerie ➡️ https://t.co/oPAo7XifEx | #LoveDarlo https://t.co/2IP63h8Qj1
05 May 2021 @17:15